When designing an e-learning material there are certain things need to be focused and they are the psychology of the learners, the age group of the learners, positive attitude towards the subject, interactive tools, personalization, and the learning materials must be accessible. So let me discuss the pros and cons of e-learning.
Advantages of learning through the internet
The benefits of studying online are career advancement and hobbies, positive environment, lower costs, self-discipline and responsibility, more choice of the subject in which the learners are interested in, and huge information about the single topic. Learning online is like a hobby and it can be done in the flexible hours. The survey report from the learning house says that there are improvements in the performance and salary with the help of online learning. The students also gain huge knowledge with the e-learning classes as it makes the learning with fun. The time and the environment of the e-learning are as per the mood of the student. When learning students prefer flexible timing and positive environment and this is possible when learning online.
So, students learn with passion and interest which stays in their mind for the long term. There are two types of memory one is short time memory and the other one is long time memory. So, e-learning is helpful for developing the long time memory and concept-based learning to the students. Cost is comparatively less for the e-learning as there is no need for the books, transportation and tuition fees to the teachers. E-learning improves the time management and the responsibility increases as there will be an online assessment towards the end. Thus e-learning improves the self-motivation and concept based knowledge on the subject. Learning is confined to teacher availability. Career opportunities and when learning through internet interest is the only investment. So, e-learning is the best option for the rare subjects and concept based subjects.
Disadvantages of e-learning
Stress, lack of personalization, lack of regular interaction, lack of participation, and lack of real-time examples are some of the disadvantages of the e-learning. E-learning leads to continuous learning and the brain feels overworked due to the mental fatigue. Personalization is important to practically take up the challenges in life. Sometimes risks are important to change the environment and impose meaningful changes. So, personalization is a factor which is missing in the e-learning. It is important to teach the subjects along with the practical challenges that are associated with the subject.
So, to teach something with practicality e-learning is not helpful. For theoretical teaching, e-learning is helpful whereas for practical teaching e-learning is not helpful. When e-learning about a subject the knowledge is abandoned but the real world benefits are not seen. The rewards or the words of encouragement are the indirect support to relieve the students from the stress that they enter into when learning for a long time. The challenges or the usage of a subject is not fully known to the students through e-learning.